The Scottish Qualifications Authority is the body responsible for almost all qualifications offered in schools in Scotland.
They have an extensive and detailed website with information about courses, exams and appeals, with particular secions for parents. Visit the SQA's page http://www.sqa.org.uk for the latest information
The National Parent Forum of Scotland (NPFS) works with the Scottish Government, SQA and Education Scotland to provide support and information for parents.
UCAS is the system by which students apply to all Universities in Britain. The majority of students now apply via the UCAS website. Applicants have to include a Personal Statement as well as giving details of their exam passes.